Looking at the past and present ecosystems of LED display technology will give you an idea of the future of this technology. However subtle, there are prominent indicators that the LED future will be an exciting one.
To clarify, there is a clear trend of developing LED displays with innovative features. These futuristic trends are a glimpse into the future of LED technology. We have traced the most promising trends and compiled them for you in this article. Keep reading to find out what the next phase of LED display technology will look like.
A Brief History of LED Display Technology
Learning about how far this technology has come will help you appreciate the potential of the LED future. The history of LED display technology dates back several decades. Still, it took ages after its invention to go mainstream.
LED display technology was invented thanks to the concept of electroluminescence which dates back to the beginning of the 20th century (1900s). Notable figures like James Mitchell altered the course of the industry years later. This was after Mitchell developed what can be considered the first true LED screen in 1977.
Early applications of LED displays
Applications of LED displays have evolved with the technology. In the early days, people used it in various ways. While most of the early uses have disappeared, some of them remain to date. Some of the early uses include;
- Electronic scoreboards. In the 70s and 80s, developed regions used LED displays in arenas and stadiums as scoreboard displays. This replaced the electro-mechanical displays which used incandescent light bulbs for lighting. This marked a turning point for large LED displays.
- Digital signage. This is a common application of modern-day LED displays but it emerged decades ago. LEDs used for early digital signage were of low quality. Yet, it paved the way for modern digital signage technology.
- Screens for handheld devices. Several gadgets like mobile phones, toys, and other electronic devices used screens made using LEDs. Specifically, the dot-matrix display technology was used to make these screens. This display technology is well suited for screens that display alphanumeric characters and rudimentary graphics.
- Message boards and signs. The adoption of LED displays in the advertisement space started way back. Advertisers used large screens mostly for outdoor advertising in places like town centers.
These early applications ushered in a new era of LED display technology. Since then, visionaries invested resources to improve the technology. If anything, this tremendous investment is one of the reasons why this technology became widespread.
How LED Became Popular in Display Technologies
Multiple factors contributed to this technology going mainstream. The potential to revolutionize various use cases, cost-effectiveness, and innovation are some of the substantial causes of huge market penetration.
Versatility and scalability are also key factors responsible for the widespread use of LED in display technologies. Particularly, the modular nature of LED panels attracted a range of users who needed large screens. The flexibility to install LED displays in various form factors brought about creative applications.
Typically, a combination of favorable factors led to the adoption of LEDs. Besides, were it not for ambitious early adopters, the current state of LED display technology would be far less advanced.
Evolution of LED in Display Technologies
Rapid changes have occurred to various elements of LED display technologies. These aspects have in return contributed to better performance and capabilities. Primarily, the monumental evolution can be attributed to the advancement of LED technology.
Evolution is prominent in aspects like the reduction of pixel pitch in LED modules. As you are aware, the smaller the pixel pitch, the higher the pixel density. When you compare LED displays that are thirty years apart, you will see incredible differences in resolution. The reduction of pixel pitch is the major reason for this difference.
Other components of LED displays that have evolved with time include;
- LED chips
- Color calibration and image processing
- Energy efficiency
- Light diffusion and optics
- Compatibility with control systems
Several benefits have been seen as a result of this progression. Currently, this type of display is virtually applicable in numerous ways. This growth is pushing boundaries and setting standards on the mainstream front.
Mainstream Adoption of LED Display Technology
In the context of mainstream adoption of LED display technology, several characteristics come into play. Ideally, it refers to the widespread usage of LED technology in varied industries. Also, it implies that this technology has gained a huge market share and outshined its counterparts.
The successful market infiltration, familiarity, industry standardization, regulation, and availability are a testament to this across-the-board adoption. It continues to gain more exposure to the general public due to the constant refinements it undergoes.
Recent Advancements in LED Display Technology
In the context of recency, we concentrate on advancements that are not more than twenty years old. Doing so is crucial since this technology evolves fast. Moreover, we are looking back twenty years ago since the 2000s is considered a turning point for technology. This period is also regarded as the dawn of connectivity and the technological revolution.
Countless modifications have occurred in the last twenty years. They include;
- Increased color gamut. A wide color gamut means that LEDs now have a larger pool of colors to display. Full-color displays for instance can display up to sixteen million colors. This allows for a more vibrant display.
- Higher contrast ratios. Contrast enables displays to display dark and white hues clearly. This applies especially in LED backdrops where immersive viewing experiences are a requirement. High contrast ratio is also a product of new color calibration technologies.
- Increased durability and reliability. LED display manufacturers have recently adopted more robust materials in their fabrication processes. This is due to the growing need for displays that can withstand harsh weather conditions.
- Improved LED panel designs. The overall designs of LED modules have significantly changed in the last 20 years. Components like bezel widths have been reduced thereby leading to the seamless integration of multiple panels to create a cohesive large display.
- Cutting-edge image processing technologies. The need to display sophisticated graphics on large screens necessitated the development of more capable processing technologies. An example of such technology is motion interpolation.
Without a doubt, the bar of visual experiences has been set too high by the recent advancements in LED display technology. Regardless, these advancements will seem primitive in a few years. This will be apparent if you study the emerging trends.
Emerging Trends in LED Development
If you are keen enough, you will notice a number of design elements being incorporated into LED displays. While these elements are nuanced, they have an impact now, and they will shape the future of development. Most of these emerging trends materialize in the form of research and development (R&D) prototypes.
Promising Research and Development of LEDs
Researchers have launched promising and practical innovations that are expected to outdo legacy display technologies. They include;
Flexible OLED Displays
This refers to the reduction of the physical dimensions of LEDs. In this case, miniaturization applies to panels and LED chips. Miniaturized LEDs facilitate the creation of compact displays especially where small size of LED displays are needed. Therefore, this begs the question; what can we expect to see in the LED future?
Futuristic Trends in LED Development
To some extent, it might seem as if this technology has reached its peak. While that’s partly valid, there is much more to expect in the LED future. Tell-tale factors and forces that shape the future are evident, especially from emerging trends. The following trends are not certain but there are overwhelming odds of them coming to fruition.
Human-Centric LED Lighting
This is largely a research and development concept. In essence, researchers are aiming to create LED lights that mimic your nature. The LEDs are encoded with functionalities that take into account various factors when producing light.
For instance, LEDs with human-centric lighting capabilities would account for how different light intensities affect your productivity and mood. Ultimately, the goal of this concept is to improve your well-being.
Similarly, human-centric LED lighting is applicable to display technologies. Displays that can adjust their color temperature specifications to match the environment will be common in the LED future. The ability to switch to warmer color temperatures at night will eliminate blue light which causes eye strain.
Prioritizing the impact a display will have on a viewer will is essential. It is expected that the future will get more digitized. This positions such concepts at the forefront of innovative trends that will mitigate the negative effects of overexposure to light.
Internet-Enabled LED Lighting
Looking at the emerging trends, it’s safe to infer that, in the future, the internet will transform LED displays. This refers to the ability to control LEDs using the internet. The LED lighting systems have to have built-in internet connectivity for this to work. The term smart lighting is used interchangeably to refer to this concept.
Internet-enabled LED lights can be controlled using a mobile application, voice commands, and other wireless platforms. This should give you an idea of how useful this level of connectivity will be in future LED displays.
To say that display technology with internet-enabled LEDs will be powerful is an understatement. It opens up a new level of control of a display. In particular, controlling these displays remotely will be enhanced. Local network connectivity of displays will usher in new possibilities for this technology.
The hunt for the perfect resolution will lead to unbelievably high-resolution LED displays in the future. Primarily, the fixation with high resolutions is arising from the prevailing competition in the digital signage space. Thus, LED technology needs to keep up with the competition and reclaim its legacy.
Some of the display technologies that are expected to lead to superior resolution displays in the LED future include;
High-Density Pixel Display Technologies
High resolution is achieved when there are more pixels in a display. While this is a challenging endeavor, there are notable breakthroughs. Such methods include surface mount technologies, advanced LED encapsulation, and miniaturization of LED chips.
This is a more advanced method of miniaturization where LED chips are manufactured in microscopic sizes. As you might have guessed, their tiny nature allows the packing of innumerable pixels in a display, hence expanding its pixel density. This ambitious approach will lead to superior resolution displays in the LED future.
Advanced Pixel Control
The ability to control pixels will lead to higher-resolution displays in the future. Advanced pixel controllers will go beyond controlling basic functionalities. Techniques like pixel dimming, subpixel rendering, and algorithmic enhancements will be used to enhance LED display resolution.
Curved and Flexible Displays
An immersive experience is and will be an ongoing focus for future applications of LED displays. Therefore, form factors that support this objective are expected to be trendy in the future. Curved and flexible displays are excellent examples of these form factors.
To achieve a curved look, LED displays are formed with a slight curve. The curvature achieved with the bending mimics the natural field of vision. Effectively, a curved display facilitates a uniform viewing experience for you. It does this without distorting the image on display. Curved displays also serve viewers from different angles and distances.
In certain installations and use cases, the flexibility of LED displays comes in handy. If a display is flexible, it can be bent or rolled without damaging it. This allows for the creation of custom displays and much more.
Improved Energy Efficiency
Due to the looming negative effects of overdependence on energy, there will be the adoption of advanced energy-efficient practices in the LED future. The point of advanced is to means LEDs are already miles ahead in terms of energy efficiency. However, there is still room to become even more efficient in energy consumption.
Here are some solutions that will contribute to improved energy efficacy;
- Using intelligent power management systems
- Ensuring an accurate supply of power as required
- Switching to renewable energy sources
- Using efficient heat dissipation to reduce energy consumption
- Innovating advanced LED chips that conserve energy
Improving energy use will lead to a reduced carbon footprint and reduce operational costs when dealing with LED displays.
Higher Interactivity of LED Displays
The level of engagement LED displays attracts will continue to be a measure of success in years to come. Engagement in the future will look much different from what you are used to presently. Various applications like studio video walls for XR production will require higher interactivity as the production industry evolves.
Some of the expected interactivity capabilities will include proximity sensing, XR integration, multi-touch capabilities, and gesture recognition. Although some variations of these capabilities exist, the LED future will demand an advanced level of interaction.
For touch capabilities, the displays will have to be more sensitive and responsive. This will be aided by advanced infrared and capacitive sensors. Proximity sensing on the other hand will be facilitated by cameras and motion sensors that detect when you approach a display and get ready for intractoin. The same concepts will apply to XR technologies.
Smart integrations will dominate the future of LED displays and the Internet of Things (IoT) is proof of this. Basically, IoT is a technology where devices connect to other gadgets within their vicinity using the internet. When IoT is integrated into LED displays, it makes them interact with other smart devices that can supplement their functionalities.
IoT integration is best demonstrated with interoperability.
By definition, interoperability refers to the ability of different systems to communicate with each other and exchange information. A common illustration of interoperability is switching LED lights remotely. In the future, LED displays will utilize IoT to perform self-diagnosis, troubleshooting, reporting, and so much more.
LiFi Connectivity Technology
The concept of LiFi (Light Fidelity) is built upon the use of light to establish a connection to the internet. This is unlike WiFi which uses radio waves. LiFi has the potential to revolutionize LED display technologies. This is because the main source of light in LiFi is the LED system.
LiFi is cheaper, safer, and more effective than WiFi. These factors make it a more reliable alternative for data transfer. LiFi will accelerate the delivery and real-time engagement of content displayed on LED screens.
External Factors Influencing the Future of LED in Display Technology
To achieve the above futuristic goals, LED technology will rely on advancements in other technologies. Some of these factors include:
Advancements in the Manufacturing of Semiconductors
Advanced semiconductors will be pivotal in the development of LED technology. Measures like making them smaller, cost-effective, and more efficient will boost the innovation of these technologies.
Increasing Computational Power
Complex processors will be a requirement to effectively prototype, manufacture, and manage advanced LED technologies.
Improvements in Graphics Processing Units (GPUs)
Rendering high-quality graphics will require capable GPUs. This will also apply to display systems to ensure that high-resolution content is displayed in the same quality as the production quality.
Innovations in Optics and Materials Science
Forward progress in material science and optics will immensely impact the development of LEDs. Particularly, aspects like color accuracy and LED displays will require innovative materials to manufacture LED panels.
Developments of Display Interface Standards
Universal compatibility will be a necessity for the LED future. This will be supported by the integration of display interface standards such as DisplayPort and HDMI ports.
The future of LED display technologies is bright provided that immersive technologies continue to evolve with time. Extended realities such as MR, AR, and VR will shape LED display technologies in multiple ways.
The realization of intelligent LED systems will be pegged to the evolution of Artificial Intelligence. Machine learning in particular will play a crucial role in enabling innovations such as automation of processes.
Undoubtedly, the LED future is not ill-fated. In contrast, it poses a huge potential for improvement. When you compare iterations that existed twenty years ago and the current state, it becomes clear that things can only get better. That is of course with all factors remaining constant.
The in-depth emerging trends we have discussed are poised to accelerate the future of LED technologies. Eventually, human ingenuity plus the influential factors highlighted above remain the bridge to achieving the envisioned future.