LED displays have thus far become an integral part of our daily lives. However, there is one thing serving as a threat to its performance and functionality, which is Humidity. The truth is that liquid in its various forms or whatever name you choose—moisture, humidity, dew, or even water vapor— are all big killers of LED screens.
This is due to their adverse effects on the screen. This is why protecting the LED display or Screen from water is crucial to increase its durability. However, the big questions are, “How do you protect LED displays from Humidity?” and “How to keep display boards from blowing over moisture issues?”
Keep reading to find out; this article will answer all your questions about indoor and outdoor LED display protection. However, before we dive into the different ways to protect LED displays from humidity, Let’s find out what LED displays are all about. Let’s proceed!
What are LED Displays?
LED display, also known as LED screen, is a screen display technology that uses Light-Emiting Diodes (LED) panels as its light source. It comprises green, blue, and red LEDs mounted in a fixed pattern. These diodes collectively form an image on the Display by varying the brightness of each LED.
These displays are made of Pixels, making it possible to display images, texts, characters, and videos depending on the screen type. These pixels can be bicolor (consisting of two types of colors), Monochromatic (single color), and Polychromatic LEDs.
Many small and large electronic devices currently use LED displays as a screen and a medium of interaction between the user and the device. LED displays are one of the main screen displays being used commercially today.
This is because of its efficiency and low energy consumption, which is majorly needed by chargeable and handheld devices such as tablets and mobile devices. Aside from its efficiency and low energy consumption, it produces greater light intensity and more brilliance than its other alternatives.
These LED screens are often waterproof and most suitable for indoor and outdoor use. They are used in many applicable instances, such as billboards, theatres, conference rooms, shows, tall buildings, and events, to mention but a few.
The world of display technology was brought to life in 1962 thanks to the brilliance of Nick Holonyak’s invention of the first practical LED. This invention led to the first practical LED display (HP Model 5082-7000 numeric indicator) in 1968 by Gerald P. Pighini and Howard C. Borden at Hewlett Packard.
In 1969, they introduced what is known as the first intelligent LED display and the first LED device to utilize integrated circuit technology, replacing the Nixie tube. This introduction thus became the basis for the development of later LED displays. Today, there are many LED displays available.
Hence, extra care and attention should be taken in its maintenance to avoid contact with moisture, which can damage it or reduce its lifespan or durability. How can moisture damage an LED display? Well, Let’s find out!
How Does Moisture Destroy Your LED Display?
Moisture refers to a small amount of water and other liquids capable of making something wet or moist. Moisture and electronics are like two worlds apart that can never meet or join. This is true even for LED displays. Liquid in its variety of forms can have a great adverse effect on the performance of LED displays.
The integral LED display parts are easily liable to moisture, resulting in short-circuiting and weak conditions. When an LED screen isn’t in use, the LEDs absorb moisture from the air, whether outdoors or indoors.
The LED will absorb more moisture when exposed to such high humidity for an extended period. Generally, water and other liquids capable of conducting electricity easily should be kept far away from the LED display.
However, aside from this safety precaution, there are other ways to protect your indoor and outdoor LED displays from moisture and humidity, which we shall discuss next. Let’s dive in!
Ways to Protect Your Indoor LED Displays From Humidity
Here are some preventive measures to put in place to ensure the maintenance and durability of your indoor LED display against humidity.
1. Install Dehumidifier and Air Conditioning Units
People often buy an LED display screen, and when the product’s lifespan is not up to par with their expectations, they blame it on poor product quality. However, most times, the problem is a result of poor product maintenance. LED displays are fragile products and should be handled properly indoors or outdoors.
Hence, the first tip on how to protect your LED display from humidity is to install air conditioning units and dehumidifiers. During moist and rainy seasons, air conditioning and reliable dehumidifiers are used to dehumidify the indoor and the LED display area. This helps to prevent the appearance of condensation on the screen.
Room dehumidifiers shouldn’t be chosen exclusively based on their power and size. Your room’s conditions should also be considered for the best resolution. For instance, If there’s a little moisture in the room, choosing a smaller portative dehumidifier is advisable.
In Contrast, a damper area will need a large power unit to decrease humidity and dry the area quickly and efficiently. This keeps your Display dry and increases its lifespan.
2. Enclosures and Sealing
Although many indoor LED displays have built-in water resistance to prevent damage, this does not guarantee extreme protection from possible risks. Elevated humidity levels have a high risk of impairing an LED display. One way to control this is using a waterproof enclosure or sealing on the LED screen to offer additional moisture safety.
Generally, LED vapor-tight fixtures can assist in preventing water stains and expanding the lifespan of the LED display. However, be mindful when using bromine and chlorine disinfectants straight on the LED display screen, as they may compel the weakening of the LED chips and screen.
3. Humidity Monitoring Sensors
Another significant tip on how to protect your LED display from humidity indoor is to equip your LED display panel with a temperature and humidity monitoring sensor to monitor the humidity around your display.
Ideally, the humidity around your Display should not exceed 40-60%. In contrast, the temperature of the fine pixel pitch display should not exceed a temperature of <30°C and humidity <60% RH for its optimal storage environment. When the proximate humidity of the atmosphere surpasses 65% RH, the LED screen should be dehumidified physically.
Additionally, monitoring the environmental temperature around the LED display daily is advised to ensure it is within the right temperature and meets the working conditions.
4. Frequent Cleaning and Maintenance
Regular Cleaning and Maintenance of indoor LED displays is another way to ensure their protection. Proper care must be taken in cleaning the Display to avoid damage. To ensure its maintenance, the following maintenance recommendations must be noted.
- Don’t sprinkle water on the screen while in use.
- Ensure the LED display is turned off during and after prolonged use. This will help remove moisture buildup caused by the heat dissipating while the TV runs.
5. Ensure Proper Ventilation
One means to secure the LED display’s durability is to make sure the environment where it is kept is suitably ventilated with low-humid air. To aid the evaporation of indoor water, ensure windows are open when the weather is clear, thus reducing the close humidity of the indoor environment.
Although ventilation devices are often installed on LED displays, ensure that the display screen is installed and kept in a suitably ventilated area, which will aid in reduced moisture assemblage in the surrounding atmosphere of the screen. It can aid in the fast moisture evaporation and reduce the indoor relative humidity.
6. Acquire LED Displays Made From Moisture-Resistant Materials
Moisture-proof of LED display screens has been an issue of worry and concern for end users. To address this issue, many LED display producers have been devoted to heightening the protection capacity of LED display screens to improve the product quality and longevity of the protected LED display.
This addresses the users’ problems and solves the industry pain point. When it comes to LED display protection, the water-proof and moisture-proof methods are two efficient ways to guarantee the protection of the Display. While most people often mistake them as the same, they are different.
Waterproof methods avoid water absorption, while moisture-proof measures aim to keep off humidity and moisture. While it is good to buy waterproof LED displays, it is more advisable to go for moisture-resistant LED displays, ensuring a longer lifespan for your indoor LED display.
7. Install Anti-Condensation Heaters
Anti-condensation heaters are created to maintain the temperature of an electrical chamber. It helps to keep the air inside the electrical panel warm and ensures that dew points and water droplets are prevented from forming on the component. They eliminate the water vapor inside the enclosures and provide frost protection by maintaining the internal temperature of electrical enclosures above freezing temperature.
Anti-condensation space (Panel) Heaters help prevent condensation through convection— transferring heat through the bulk movement of molecules within fluids such as liquids and gases. Mounting an Anti-condensation heater in the room where your indoor LED display is kept helps to protect it from malfunctions, unwanted failures, and extreme component wear.
To prevent the formation of condensation, it is therefore sufficient and paramount to keep the temperature inside the panel a few degrees above the dew point temperature. This can be achieved through the installation of one or more anti-condensation heaters.
8. Use Desiccants
A desiccant is a hygroscopic material used to maintain and ensure a state of dryness. It helps to remove and prevent humidity from the air. This creates a moisture-free atmosphere, unlike a humectant that promotes moisture retention.
Moisture in electronics can result in permanent damage and corrosion. This is applicable even with LED displays. However, with the use of desiccants, this damage can be deterred. Using desiccant can help to lessen the moisture in the air and keep the indoor environment where the LED display is kept dry by absorbing the moisture in the room.
Your mind is sure to be at rest because, with these desiccants, you don’t have to worry about your LED display getting damaged by water. While many types of desiccants exist, the most commonly used are clay and silicone gel.
9. Follow Manufacturer Guidelines
A common mistake most people make when it comes to electronics is that they don’t bother reading the manual that comes with the electrical appliances. Most people think it’s a waste of time and then resort to doing it alone because they feel they know how to install appliances.
Then, when anything goes wrong, they blame it on the product. However, no matter how knowledgeable you think you are, those user guides added to the appliance will make your work easier and faster. This is because the product manufacturers who put the guide there already know how their products work.
Following these guides will help prevent any damage from the wrong installation. This is also why most manufacturers go as far as including a warranty certification. These certifications were included so that if any fault came from using their appliance with the guide, they would be held accountable for the damage.
This is to show you that they have trust in their products, and for you to use the product the right way, you also have to trust them by following the guidelines in the manual. This is also a good way to protect your LED display from humidity because reading the manual will help you understand what temperature works for the LED display and the right way to maintain the product.
10. Regular Sensor Calibration
As you are already aware, a humidity sensor, better known as a hygrometer, helps monitor and measure the moisture content in the air. It is a one-sure, trusted paddy for controlling and understanding the amount of humidity around us.
While it is true that these sensors are a trusted means of moisture measurement, we must also take an essential step in ensuring the accurate performance and reliable reading of these humidity sensors. This step is known as calibration.
Calibrating humidity monitors and sensors regularly is extremely important. This is because it helps ensure that these instruments perform within their producers’ specifications. Through Calibration, you get to know if measurements made with these instruments are accurate so that quality can be preserved.
How to Protect Your Outdoor LED Displays From Humidity
Now, let’s look at the measures you can take to protect your outdoor LED display and how to protect electronics from humidity. Let’s jump right in!
1. Use Weatherproof Enclosures
Water, as well as other forms of liquid, has many damaging and adverse effects on electrical appliances. All electrical appliances, including your LED display, must be protected from liquid at all costs. One way to go about this is through the use of weatherproof enclosures.
What are weatherproof enclosures? These are simple wall boxes built to house electrical equipment and appliances in demanding environments susceptible to severe weather conditions and other environmental hazards.
These wall boxes are built to protect the appliances against dust, water, and other mechanical impacts. These weatherproof enclosures are built with different materials ranging from cast iron to stainless steel and even aluminum.
The wall boxes have a textured polyester epoxy powder coat finish that protects LED Displays against relative humidity. Building or constructing these walls is a good way to protect your display, prolonging their lifespans and giving you value for your money.
2. Rain and Moisture-Resistant Displays
In purchasing an outdoor LED display, ensure you are looking for moisture-resistant LED displays, not just rain-resistant ones. This in-built feature helps to protect the display from rain and prevent moisture from the display.
Most outdoor LED displays come with this feature thanks to the array of new LED displays being manufactured. So you don’t have to worry or fret over concerns of rain damaging the display. However, other security measures must also be implemented to safeguard the Display from humidity even with the feature.
3. Sound Installation
Ensuring the appropriate installation of an outdoor LED display based on the manufacturer’s procedures guarantees the display’s overall function. Certain characteristics must be assessed when lodging an LED outdoor display, such as the surroundings, terrain, the Display’s planned use, and the users’ needs.
You should also consider climate conditions and their negative impacts on the display. Sound attention should also be paid to the display’s center parts, including the computer, audio equipment, LED cabinet, optical fiber, control software, and controller. Ensure that all these are in excellent working state.
4. Ventilation Inside Enclosure
LED vapor-tight ventilated enclosures are also a good way of ensuring protection against moisture. The ventilation of your outdoor LED display can be done in two ways: forced air ventilation and passive ventilation.
In forced air ventilation, you actively use mechanical methods, such as blower fans, to circulate and cool the Display enclosure’s air. In passive ventilation, non-mechanical methods such as ventilation holes cut into the LED display help provide enough cooling air to the Display.
5. Anti-Condensation Measures
Like indoor LED displays, the anti-condensation measure is a great way to protect outdoor LED displays. This helps to prevent corrosion of metal parts of the LED display and improve its overall performance.
You must be wondering how to apply anti-condensation measures. Well, the truth is that there are so many ways to do this, one of which is through electric heating. This method helps to ensure the internal temperature of the LED display is higher than the ambient temperature outside of the screen. Thereby reducing the humidity inside the screen.
6. Use Climate Control System
Another significant tip on how to protect your LED display from humidity is using a climate control system. Installing a system that helps you control the relative humidity of the Display correctly is a clever way to protect your LED display.
This is like using an air conditioning unit. However, the dissimilarity is that a climate control system regulates the temperature more precisely and is more conducive than air conditioning.
7. Install Humidity Sensors
Installing a Humidity Sensor is another excellent way to protect your outdoor LED display. Like an indoor display, a humidity sensor helps you monitor the temperature of the LED display.
This gives you the privilege of knowing when the temperature of the Display is too high, thereby giving you an idea of when to control it using the climate control system. This method not only helps you regulate the temperature of your Display but also helps reduce its relative humidity.
8. Lightning Protection
There are multiple thunderstorms in the rainy season, and the harshness of bad weather is often a hindrance for the LED display. Due to its highly incorporated electronic components and its sensitivity to anti-interference, which is also increasing and rising day-to-day, lightning is constantly a big concern for outdoor LED displays in different ways.
For instance, If the display screen is struck, the lightning current will induce thermal, mechanical, and electrical impairment, resulting in severe damage to the LED display and might even cause a fire.
Therefore, installing a lightning shield on the LED display is necessary. Also, proper grounding techniques can help keep the outdoor LED display screens safe against such electrical dangers.
9. Backup Power Supply
Buying an LED display with a dual supply system is a good way of providing the utmost protection for your LED display. This dual power source is often called an LED emergency inverter or driver.
When no light comes from the primary supply, these drivers act as a light source for the display. This backup power system also helps to ensure that other lodged devices or software, like the humidity sensor and the climate control system that helps in the general running and function of the LED display, are not interrupted.
10. Regular Maintenance
Proper care and maintenance of an electronic device are the go-to methods of protecting the device. This is true for even your outdoor LED displays. Your role as an outdoor display owner doesn’t end with its mounting and installation. This is even when the actual job begins.
To ensure continuous improvement in your LED display’s overall functionality and performance, you must maintain a regular checkup procedure on the Display. Constant inspection and maintenance work helps you detect a malfunction in the Display that needs to be fixed. This helps prolong the Display’s overall lifespan, giving you value for your money.
LED displays are important instruments for our business and daily lives. This is why ultimate attention must be paid to the care and maintenance of these Displays.
Some of the best methods to employ in ensuring its protection from humidity are those highlighted above, such as anti-condensation heaters, humidity sensors, and proper ventilation, to mention a few. To learn more about LED displays, visit our blog now!
1. Does Heat Damage LED Screens?
Whether indoor or outdoor LED display, heat is induced during operation. This generated heat causes the temperature of the Display to rise. This high temperature, in turn, is the main cause of the shortening life of most LED displays.
2. Are LED Screens Water Resistant?
LED screens, unlike most other electronics, can be water-resistant. This makes them a perfect choice for indoor and outdoor events. However, despite these perceived water-resistant capabilities, it is also important you install waterproof and moisture-resistance to prevent and avoid unforeseen environmental hazards and danger.
3. How to Get Moisture out of TV Screens?
You can start by disconnecting your TV screens from the power supply and using a dry cloth to wipe off water from the screen. Then, keep the TV in a ventilated place.